Question: What do FCR and PIF mean in poultry production?
- FCR stands for Feed Conversion Ratio.
- It is the quantity of feed the broiler consumes to gain body weight.
- As feed is the most expensive part of broiler production, the lower the FCR the more efficient the growth rate and management.
- On efficient commercial farms a FCR of 1.6 is readily achieved.
- On smaller farms, especially where feed is distributed by hand and the houses are not well-ventilated, the FCR could be 2.2.
The FCR is calculated as follows:
———————– = FCR
Body mass gained
- PIF stands for Performance Index Factor and indicates the efficiency of broiler growth and management.
- A PIF of 300 can be attained on efficient modern farms.
- On smaller farms the farmer should strive for a PIF of 250.
The PIF is calculated as follows:
Body Mass X % broilers alive (livability) X 100
———————————————————— = PIF
FCR X Age in days at slaughter
Also read: Feeding the modern broiler
- This article was written by Dr. Mick Versfeld and first appeared in Farming SA