Cattle production: Where to vaccinate your cattle

Question: On which part of the body would you vaccinate cattle? And what should be done before and after vaccination? Most vaccinations given to cattle are injected under the skin (subcutaneous). But there are a few vaccines that have to be injected into the muscle (intramuscular). Ensure that you read…

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Livestock production: Play it safe – vaccinate your livestock

Have a livestock vaccination plan in hand for when a disease outbreak occurs. Vaccination is the most effective method of controlling diseases under the following conditions: Where avoiding exposure to disease-causing factors is difficult or impossible. If the disease is carried by biting insects it is impossible to keep them…

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Livestock production: How vaccines work against diseases

Question: Most insect-transmitted diseases, such as lumpy skin disease, are only seen during late summer and autumn. Why do I need to vaccinate against these diseases in spring? First of all, farmers should understand how a vaccine works. Unlike antibiotics that kill bacteria, a vaccine prevents diseases caused by either…

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FAO seeks funds for urgent livestock vaccination in South Sudan

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) says it needs US$7.5 million to fund a critically urgent livestock vaccination campaign before the start of the rainy season in South Sudan. In a statement, the FAO said nearly 9 million animals should be vaccinated before the end of March to…

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Poultry production: Handling and administering live vaccines

Question: What are the guidelines for handling live vaccines and administering them orally (by mouth)? NEVER expose vaccines to sunlight. Store them in the fridge, not in the freezer. Always transport vaccines in a cooler box, with an ice pack to keep them cool. Starve birds of water for half…

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It’s time to vaccinate animals, says RuVasa

The beginning of the rainy season also means farmers should expect an increase in several animal diseases. The latest monthly report of the Ruminant Veterinary Association of South Africa’s (RuVasa), compiled by dr. Faffa Malan, indicates that as soon as rainfall increases, problems with parasites will follow suit. Farmers are…

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The difference between live and inactivated vaccines

Question:  What is the difference between live and inactivated vaccines? Vaccines are divided into 2 groups, live (attenuated) and inactivated vaccines. Vaccines consist of antigens. Antigens are viruses, bacteria, protozoans, fungi or toxins and can be inactivated (dead) or live. More recent vaccines can even consist of small pieces of antigen…

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Small stock production: Record keeping – update your flock admin

Animal admin is part of farm management and keeping flock records up to date helps the stockfarmer with forward planning. Draw up a month by month table that you break down into weekly segments. Animals don’t always fit neatly into rigid parameters so there should be some flexibility allowed. Once…

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Possible approval of vaccination for SA poultry against H5N8

A strict and well thought out exit strategy based on scientific findings seems to be the only option to protect the South African poultry industry against the highly pathogenic H5N8 virus. This comes after the industry, which has already lost more than 600 000 chickens and thousands of eggs, asked…

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Small stock production: Part two – Managing ewes in the last six weeks of pregnancy

Last week, we covered the nutritional needs of heavily pregnant does. This week we discuss minerals and vaccines for ewes in late pregnancy. The ewe needs sufficient quantities of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and certain amounts of trace elements (manganese copper, zinc, molybdenum, selenium, iodine and cobalt), to provide for the…

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Goat production: Act against abortions in your goat flocks

Question: I vaccinated and dosed my goats with Multivax, Fluxacur and Ivermex. The mothers look healthy and have not been short of food but now they are giving birth to very weak kids or dead kids, most of them twins. What could be the problem? The Multivax would have given…

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Lusaka farmer grabs lucrative goat market opportunity

Makasa Musonda, 43, of Lusaka is doing very well out of his goat farming business, although it hasn’t always been that way. Before 2014, the father of five children, married to Vienna, had started a number of enterprises none of which were as successful as his goat farming venture. First,…

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Goat production: Keep your goats disease free

Vaccination programmes and dipping and dosing of small stock is not the total solution to keeping your flocks healthy and your goats disease free. Healthy animals are stronger and less susceptible to disease; so stockmen must manage and feed as a primary health care measure. If goats are kidding in…

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Cattle production: Vaccinate your cattle – it saves lives and stops the spread of disease

The health of your animals through vaccination, together with good feeding and breeding principles, are the cornerstones of a commercial cattle operation. If you want to farm cattle, you will need to vaccinate correctly. This is how you do it. The primary tool for an effective vaccination programme is the…

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Western Province ready to roll out anthrax vaccination campaign

One person has died of anthrax, and several more are receiving treatment, after eating contaminated meat in anthrax-hit Kalabo, in the Western Province. This brings to three the number of people who have died of anthrax, out of 67 reported (human) cases, since the outbreak of the disease in November.…

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Vaccination programme underway to control anthrax

Zambian Western Province Minister, Nathaniel Mubukwanu, said that at least 17 people had been hospitalised in western Zambia after eating meat from cattle which had died of anthrax. The 17 patients are currently in a stable condition. The clinical signs, and the anthrax form, in these patients has not been…

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Livestock production: Check and revise vaccination schedules

The rainy season is a good time to take a fresh look at management systems and vaccination protocols on your farm. It signals the arrival of ticks, worms (endoparasites), biting flies and midges. Diseases to vaccinate against in Zambia include: Anthrax, Black Quarter, Lumpy Skin Disease, Three-Day-Stiff sickness, Rift Valley…

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